This paper uses several methods to study the interrelationship among Divisia monetary aggregates, prices, and income, allowing for nonstationary, nonlinearities, asymmetries, and time-varying relationships among the series.
Making the central bank more independent from political pressures lowers inflation and increases the primary deficit, persistently. In the long-run, however, fiscal considerations are paramount and inflation comes back up to accommodate the higher financial burden of accumulated public debt.
Policymakers often use measures of tax incidence (generational accounts) as criteria for policy selection. We use a quantitative model of optimal intergenerational policy to evaluate the ability of the tax incidence metric to capture the identity of recipients and contributors and the magnitudes transferred.
Most empirical studies based on U.S. data suggest that the fiscal multiplier is less
than 1 (e.g., Barro and Redlick, 2011). However, Keynes argued that the multiplier
would be the largest when markets have failed to the greatest extent in coordinating
economic activities (such as during the Great Depression with rampant unemployment
and low capacity utilization).
We construct a model to capture the Keynesian idea that production and employment
decisions are based on expectations of aggregate demand driven by sentiments and
that realized demand follows from the production and employment decisions of firms.
This paper offers a methodological contribution to monetary theory. First, it presents
a model economy with cash-in-advance constraints, following the work of Lucas in the
early 80’s; then, it specializes the model to preferences and shocks assumed in the
Lagos and Wright (2005) framework.
On May 29, 2008, the Wall Street Journal reported that several large international banks were reporting unjustifiably low LIBOR rates. Since then two large banks, Barclays and UBS, have paid significant fines for manipulating their LIBOR rates, and additional banks are expected to be fined.
We estimate a DSGE model with (S,s) inventory policies. We find that (i) taking
inventories into account can significantly improve the empirical fit of DSGE models
in matching the standard business-cycle moments (in addition to explaining inventory
fluctuations); (ii) (S,s) inventory policies can significantly amplify aggregate output
fluctuations, in contrast to the findings of the recent general-equilibrium inventory
literature; and (iii) aggregate demand shocks become more important than technol-
ogy shocks in explaining the business cycle once inventories are incorporated into the
We review the responses of the Federal Reserve to financial crises over the past 100 years. The authors of the Federal Reserve Act in 1913 created an institution that they hoped would prevent banking panics from occurring.
This paper considers the impact of leisure preference and leisure externalities on growth and labor supply in a Lucas  type model, as in Gómez , with a separable non‐homothetic utility and the assumption that physical and human capital are both necessary inputs in both the goods and the education sectors.
We formulate the central bank’s problem of selecting an optimal long-run inflation
rate as the choice of a distorting tax by a planner who wishes to maximize discounted
stationary utility for a heterogeneous population of infinitely-lived households in an
economy with constant aggregate income and public information.
Limited commitment for the repayment of unsecured consumer debt originates from two places: (i) formal bankruptcy laws granting a partial or complete legal removal of unsecured debts under certain circumstances, and (ii) informal default followed by renegotiation, "delinquency."
China’s over 25% aggregate household saving rate is one of the highest in the world. One popular view attributes the high saving rate to fast-rising housing prices in China. However, cross-sectional data do not show a significant relationship between housing prices and household saving rates.
This paper develops an analytically tractable Bewley model of money featuring capital and
financial intermediation. It is shown that when money is a vital form of liquidity to meet
uncertain consumption needs, the welfare costs of inflation can be extremely large.